Backstage moments outlining the dream-like aristocratic opulence at the ZUHAIR MURAD Couture Fall-Winter 2018-19 show. #ImperialRussia
Posted at: 2018-11-26 19:46:16
My initial post was about another Romanov, but since today was the wedding anniversary of the last imperial couple of Russia, my attention goes to "Nicky" and "Sunny". The wedding of the two occurred on the 26th of November 1894, less than a month from Alexander III's death. The ceremony had been originally planned for the spring of 1895 and was to be conducted with extreme pomp (including a week of public celebrations and parades), plans which the emperor's most unfortunate and premature death put an end to. Nicholas had initially wished for a wedding at Livadia Palace, but him becoming the new emperor (an event which completely shook and affected him way beyond his choice of a wedding place) meant that the the event had to be celebrated in the capital; the ceremony was held at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace. With Nicholas unwilling to wait until the end of official mourning to marry, it was decided to hold the wedding on his mother's birthday, which would have allowed for court mourning to be somewhat relaxed Nicholas had also intended to keep the wedding a private family affair, but his uncles had persuaded their nephew to invite the diplomatic corps to watch the procession to and from the cathedral. The dress code was also one of pomp and splendour: Russian gentlemen were to wear full regimental dress, bureaucrats were to wear the appropriate uniforms as stipulated in Peter the Great's Great Table of Ranks; Russian ladies were to come in full court dress, foreign women in evening gowns, with full jewels and awards (now picture that!). As you can see in this detail of Laurits Tuxen's painting, Alix is wearing the famous Romanov nuptial jewels, together with a Honiton lace veil designed by her maternal grandfather, Prince Albert (worn at the weddings of her mother, Princess Alice, and her sisters'). The bride was dressed at the Winter Palace, while her groom prepared at Anichkhov Palace-one of his parents' residences. Because of the court mourning, no reception was held, nor did the newlyweds went on a honeymoon, with Nicholas and Alexandra going to reside with his mother and Grand Duke Mikhail at the Anichkov Palace. #lostsplendourromanov
Posted at: 2019-02-18 16:45:09
Grand Duchesses Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia Nikolaevna.
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna or "Sunny" (6 June 1872–17 July 1918). Her mother was Princess Alice, third child of Queen Victoria and father Louis IV Duke of Hesse and Rhine. She was said to be Q.Victoria's favourite granddaughter and
having lost her mother when she was just six years old, she spent much of her time with her English nanny and with her cousins in the British royal household.
The portrait was painted when Alix stayed at Balmoral with the Queen in 1896 with her husband Nicholas II.
I cannot help but think that like her husband, she was utterly lost as Empress of Russia and would have been better suited in a lesser role. With German blood, she was disliked by the Russian people and seen as cold and curt, while those in the Palace viewed her as haughty. Having married Nicky so soon after the death of his father, Emperor Alexander, the Russian people saw her as a bad omen: "She has come to us behind a coffin. She brings misfortune with her." Perhaps what many struggled with, and what I too find unfavourable in her, is her inwardness and fateful inability to, or at least give the impression of, connecting with the Russian people. She was strong-willed and imperious, with an unwavering belief in the "divine right of kings", ultimately encouraging her husband's resistance to the surrender of autocratic authority. Like her grandmother, she was consumed with love for her husband, but little love or empathy was extended outside of the family.
After the birth of her "Sunbeam" , the Tsarevich Alexei she further isolated herself from the Russian court by retiring inside and spending nearly all her time with him. In was in her little Sunbeam that this "Omen" transpired - passed down from her grandmother, she was a royal carrier of the haemophilia disease. It marred the rest of her life and she became a recluse, and the obsession with the healing of her only son led her into the arms of notorious quack and mystic Grigori Rasputin.
For some reason, I find Alix the hardest of the final Romanovs to empathise with. Perhaps it is the slavish devotion to Rasputin and determination to always get her own way at the expense of others.
Posted at: 2019-02-18 08:53:51
Imperial Russia - an obsession of mine - and so I hope to do some write ups of the portraits in the Romanov exhibition in the Queen's Gallery, as I quite hopelessly try to map bloodlines and connections of former Royal families. The line of the Romanovs is particularly perplexing, with branches splitting to siblings and shooting off in England, Denmark, Germany, Greece. There are many Alexanders, Olgas, Marias and Mikhails. What's particularly interesting to me is how closely the last Romanovs of Russia were connected to the British Royal Family. Queen Victoria was a great grandmother of the last Romanov children and descendants still have ties to British Royals today.
Painting of Grand Duchesses Olga Nikolaevna (1819-1876)
and Maria Nikolayevna (1822-1892), daughters of Nicholas I (1796-1855),
by Carl Timoleon von Neff at the "Russia, Royalty and the Romanovs" exhibition, Queen's Gallery. Their mother was Princess Charlotte of Prussia.
The two girls are the great, great aunties and share the names of two of the ill-fated Romanov sisters (their father was Nicholas I, the grandfather of Nicholas II). The painting was commissioned by Nicholas I in 1844 at around the time of his visit to England, for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
Their other sister, Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna, known by her affectionate nickname, "Adini", died of tuberculosis when she was 19, having just given birth to her husband, Prince Frederick William of Hesse's, son.
Olga, on the left, wears a hurluberlu (scatterbrain) coiffure - which originated in Versailles in the 17th century - while Maria wears a typical early Victorian braided coiffeuire.
The reason why the succession to the Russian throne, from the government of Tsar Paul I, son of Catherine the Great, could only be succeeded by men.
The relationship between Paul, son of Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great), during her reign, was rough and distant. Paul isn’t mentioned in Tsarina's memoirs. Paul's isolation from his mother created an insurmountable abyss between them, which would later be aggravated by his reduced status at the imperial court, with Catherine favoritism by certain courtiers, and her decision to exclude him from the succession. His sense of isolation reappeared in his relations with the court, leading him to oppose maternal policies. But Catherine II's dominion over him restricted not only his mobility as diplomat and servant of the state, but his ability to govern as tsar. There was a time when Catherine began a rapprochement with her son. In spite of this maternal affection, Catherine, in fact, was cold and calculating to conquer the affection of the son. Her motives were exclusively political. Catherine II had her attentions focused on ensuring that Alexander the son of Paul succeeded her to the throne instead of her father. As soon as she died and Paul took power, his early policies were largely contrary to his mother's. One of them was the institution of the Pauline Laws: fearing that in the testament of his mother, she had excluded him from the throne to deliver him directly to his son Alexander, Paul profoundly modified the laws of succession. The main changes were the exclusion of women from the throne except in case the male line was completely extinct.
#imperialrussia#catherinethegreat#tsarina #tsar#tsarpauli #theromanovs#romanov#romanov#romanovdynasty #imperialfamily#catherinepalace#imperiallaws#royalfamily#empress#emperor#tsarevich
Posted at: 2019-02-18 04:17:07
Ледяной «Георгий Победоносец», сделанный в саду гр. Шереметева (на Литейном просп.) скульпторами Н.П. Гукасовым и В.К. Липским.
К сожалению, неожиданно наступившая в начале февраля оттепель испортила статую.
Столица и усадьба. 1915. N30.
#russianempire#imperialrussia#russianhistory#historic#saintpetersburg#sculpture#ice#winter#19thcentury #ледовыескульптуры #историяроссии #российскаяимперия #историявфото #санктпетербург #старыйпетербург #прогулкипопитеру #севернаястолица #петербургналадони #мойпитер #скульптура #петербургвдеталях #дореволюции #19век #старыегазеты #новостистолетнейдавности
OTMAA with Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna and Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich.
Posted at: 2019-02-17 08:50:00
The pain of a mother.
On the day Nicholas II and her family were murdered, Maria Feodorovna received a messenger from Nicholas, "a touching man", who told her how difficult the life of her son and family was in Ekaterinburg. Before she said, she said, "And no one can help or free them - God alone! Lord, save my poor and unfortunate Nicky, help him in his difficulties". In her diary, she tried to reassure himself and wrote: " I’m sure everyone has left Russia and now the Bolsheviks are trying to hide the truth from us." She held on to this conviction until her death. The truth was too hard to accept. The letters Mary sent to her eldest son and family were lost almost all but one of the surviving ones wrote Nicholas the following: "You know that my thoughts and prayers have never left you. I think of you day and night and sometimes I feel my heart so heavy that I can’t take it anymore, but God is pious and He will give us strength to survive this terrible moment. "
Maria's youngest daughter, Olga Alexandrovna, later said: "However, I am sure that, in my heart of hearts, my mother ended up accepting the truth a few years before she died." (references: “The Diaries of Empress Maria Feodorovna”, p.239
and “A Royal Family”, p.197).
(The second picture shows Maria Feodorovna among her sisters in exile). #mariafeodorovna#empress#romanovdinasty#romanovs#nicholasii#tsarnicholasii#empressmariafeodorovna #tsarina#royalfamily#romanovfamily#romanovfamily_home #loveofmother#imperialrussia#russiaimperial#lasttsar
Posted at: 2019-02-17 07:53:39
Медаль «За защиту Севастополя»
Смирнов В.П. - 580, Петерс Д.И. - 137, Биткин В.В. - 960.
1855 г. "За защиту Севастополя", серебро, Д =28 мм., награждали участвовавших с 13 сентября 1854 года по 27 августа 1855 в защите Севастополя, было отчеканено 253.000 медалей. Отличное состояние.
#домромановых #российскаяимперия #наградыроссии #медалироссии #медалироссийскойимперии #imperialrussia #домромановых #faleristics#russianmedal#russianmedals #medals#antique#russianantiques #антиквариат #антиквариатмосква #крым #севастополь #битвазасевастополь #крымскаявойна #защитасевастополя
The responsibility of an empire in the hands of Nicholas.
No one understood better what the death of Tsar Alexander III meant than the 26 year old who inherited his throne (Nicholas Alexandrovich). According to recollections of the Grand Duke Alexander, brother-in-law of Nicholas, he remembers to have seen tears in the eyes of the brother-in-law. He also remembered that "Nicholas took me by the arms and led me down to his room. We hugged and wept together. He could not sort out his thoughts. He knew that he was now the emperor, and the weight of this terrifying fact overwhelmed him. " At the same time he also asked me: "Sandro, what I am going to do?" He exclaimed, and kept asking me: "What will happen to me, to you, to Xenia, to Alix, to Mama, to all of Russia ? I'm not prepared to be Tsar. Never wanted to be. I don’t know anything about this government business. I have no idea how to talk to ministers. "
On the day of May 18, 1896, Nicholas Alexandrovich was crowned, becoming Nicholas II.
(reference: "Nicholas and Alexandra, the classic account of the fall of the Romanov dynasty", pp. 62 and 63). #tsarnicholasii #tsar#nicholasii#imperialrussia#coronation#royalbrotherinlaw#monarch#grandduke#romanovdinasty #romanov#romanovs #alexandremikhailovich#nicholasalexandrovich#nicholas2
Another photo from the beautiful Kuskovo Estate 💖 It's so splendidly decorated inside, there are picturesque ceilings and parquet, silk walls, marble fireplaces and elaborate tiled stoves, while the collection of paintings, decorative sculptures and porcelain is spectacular 👌✨ I really can't wait for warmer weather as the park ensemble is unique, it's the only French regular park from the 18th century that survived in Moscow.. and it reminds me of my beautiful Saint Petersburg so badly 💞
And yes I'm wearing my coat because it's actually freezing cold inside! There is no electricity and no heat. I was very surprised how they manage to preserve all these priceless works of art as winters in Russia are soo harsh. The museum worker kindly explained to me that it's perfectly fine because when the temrature decreases gradually, it does no harm to the building and its interiors ❤️
Coronation of Tsar Alexander III, the penultimate emperor of Russia.
The photos show the coronation of the penultimate Tsar: Alexander III (father of the last Tsar of Russia - Nicholas II) and his wife Maria Feodorovna in the year of May 27, 1883.
On the day his father, the Tsar Alexander II, was assassinated, he had just signed a decree that defined the creation of an advisory commission empowered to advise the monarch, but when Alexander III ascended the throne, following the advice of Pobedonostsev (who besides being his personal friend, was an eminent adviser to imperial politics of Alexander III and who strongly influenced his son Nicholas II) decided to cancel the decree before its publication, making it clear that the autocratic system of government wouldn’t be limited. All the internal reforms carried out by Alexander III were aimed at reversing the liberal policies that were implemented during his father's reign.
(Reference: Van Der Kiste, John The Romanovs: 1818–1959 (Sutton Publishing, 2003) p. 94). #coronation#tsaralexanderiii #alexanderiii#mariafeodorovna#tsarina #imperialrussia#russiamonarchy#monarchs#houseofromanov#romanov#romanovs #tsar#emperor
Забастовка трамвая в Тифлисе.
1) Обучение солдат железнодорожного батальона управлению вагоном в дни забастовки.
2) Общественные экипажи, поддерживающие сообщение в городе во время забастовки.
Искры. 1906. N26.
#russianempire#imperialrussia#russianhistory#history#transport#urban#19thcentury #vintagephoto #российскаяимперия #историяроссии #историявфото #старыегазеты #царскаяроссия #ретро #забастовка #трамвай #транспорт #тифлис #дореволюции #19век #новостистолетнейдавности
Grand Duchesses Maria, Olga, and Tatiana at the funeral of their second cousin, Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich, 1915. All the girls are wearing the Order of Saint Catherine. ⠀
The order of Saint Catherine was instituted in November 24, 1714 by Peter the Great on the occasion for his marriage to Catherine I of Russia. For the majority of the time of Imperial Russia, it was the only award for women.⠀
The statutes of the Order were first published in 1713, and the order was under the patronage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, the patron saint of the Empress. On November 24, 1714, on the Empress' birthday Peter the Great personally bestowed the insignia of the Order upon the Empress Catherine, creating her Grand Mistress of the Order. However, no further members were inducted until 1726. Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna , who died in 1928, was the last pre-Revolutionary Grand Mistress of the Order of Saint Catherine. Today, the claimant to the headship of the former Imperial House Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna claims the right to confer the Order.
Posted at: 2019-02-15 17:37:59
Engagement of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia.
Maria was the only daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. During a visit to her maternal relatives in August 1868, fifteen years old Maria met Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh. Alfred, Queen Victoria's second son, was a shy and handsome young man, with a career in the British navy. He was visiting his sister, Princess Alice, who was married to Maria’s first cousin.
Maria and Prince Alfred saw each other again in the summer 1871, when the Tsar and his wife were accompanied by seventeen-year-old Maria and her two elder brothers to Germany. During that summer, Maria and Alfred felt attracted to each other, spending their days walking and talking together. Although they wished to marry, no engagement was announced.
Tsar Alexander II objected to a British son-in-law, due to the general anti-English feeling in Russia following the Crimean War. The Tsarina regarded the British customs as peculiar and the English people as cold and unfriendly. She was convinced that her daughter would not be happy there.
Queen Victoria was also against the match. She considered that Russia was generally "unfriendly" towards Britain. Queen Victoria would absolutely never consent to her son and his wife to live in Russia. No British prince had ever married a Romanov, and she foresaw problems with Maria's Orthodox religion and Russian upbringing. .
Both mothers continued to look for other partners for their children, but Alfred and Maria would not have anyone else. Alfred was prepared to fight to marry the person he loved. .
When Anglo-Russian relations deteriorate over the years, Queen Victoria’s ministers thought that a marriage between two countries might help to ease the tension between two countries. .
Three years later after the initial marriage negotiate, in April 1873, the engagement was announced. . .
“The great fault of the masses is education without breeding, but in the higher circles of society this is not the case, and the breeding of the Russian aristocracy and of the higher middle classes is perfect. In bringing up the latter generations great care has been given to manners, especially at table, and a Russian lady or gentleman will pass muster in any London or Paris drawing-room. Man’s attitude towards woman in Russia is a quaint mixture of chivalry and despotism, the echo of the original submission in which the boyars held their womenfolk, modified by culture and civilisation.” - from “Russian Court Memoirs 1914-1916” by “A Russian”
Female Portrait. Aleksandr Golovin, 1910s.
The more things change, the more they stay the same.❤️
#femaleportrait#1910s#1910sstyle #1910sdress #1910sfashion #1910sart #1910shair #belleepoquestyle #belleepoquebeauty #belleépoque #russianhistory#russianempire#russianart#russianartist #russophile#oiloncanvas#historicaldress#historyofrussia#imperialrussia#tretyakovgallery#facesofmoscow #царскаяроссия #русскоеискусство #российскаяимперия #дореволюционнаяроссия #дореволюции #аяголовин #гтг #третьяковка #третьяковскаягалерея
My great-great grandmother, Evgenia Scholts, with my great grandfather Gherman on her knee. There's an interesting story associated with her... Her husband got drunk one night and assaulted a soldier near where they lived in Archangelsk, and was immediately imprisoned. In order to secure his release, Evgenia travelled all the way from Archangelsk to St. Petersburg in a troika in the depths of the northern Russian winter to beg the Tsar Alexander II to release him. You see, once a year, before New Year the Tsar was known to give out pardons. So this was an ideal window of opportunity for her. The only thing was, she was 9 months pregnant with my great-grandfather, Gherman. Incredibly she managed not only to persuade the Tsar to release her husband, but arrived back safely on the 12th January, only for Gherman to be born on the morning of the 13th - New Year's day in the old Orthodox calendar. Apparently she always spoke well of the Tsar and said that there was much kindness in his eyes. Sadly he was to be assassinated only a few months later... #history#family#Scholtsfamily#Russia#imperialrussia#peterthegreat#archangel #Архангельск #История #имперскаяроссия #Россия #семья #царалександрll #зима #русскийсевер #спб #санкт-петербург
Tiara made from cardboard and papier-mâché, with salt dough and nail polish pearls, rhinestones, straight pins, toothpicks, and beads. Wire coat hanger frame reinforced with blue/yellow epoxy ribbon, masking tape, and drinking straws. Small plastic roses at front. The frame was painted with gesso and Testors Silver Metallic Enamel Paint. It was “aged” with Testors Black Enamel Paint that was applied and then gently rubbed off.
The tiara, which was based on Czarina Alexandra’s tiara in the picture, was used as a photo prop. *
Background image from loc.gov: Imperial presentation photograph most likely taken in 1908 by photographers Frederick Boasson and Fritz Eggler. • Forms part of George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress) • Digital Id: http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/ggbain.01137/ • No known restrictions on publication.